by Arif Dirlik @ubc.ca
Arif Dirlik 是土耳其裔美國歷史學家，主要研究方向是現代中國、後殖民主義、全球化，《The Rise of China and the End of the World As We Know It》是 Dirlik 在加拿大英屬哥倫比亞大學的演講，內容和他的一篇同名論文相同。
…the same advanced capitalist societies have been complicit in the social and environmental consequences of the PRC’s development both as direct participants in production and as indirect beneficiaries in consumption
Foreign corporations from the celebrated Apple and its supplier, Taiwan’s Foxconn, to Canadian and Australian mining corporations have been involved directly in the exploitation of Chinese labor and the destruction of the environment.
The postrevolutionary PRC draws its admirers most prominently from those who view it as a bottomless reservoir of consumers to nourish a faltering capitalism in perpetual crisis.
They ignore, however, that the point is to learn from the past in order not to repeat the mistakes and crimes of others, not to use their example to justify similar mistakes and crimes at the present.
和冷戰時期的蘇聯不同，中國領導人對現有世界的挑戰並不是提出一個比資本主義更好的意識形態，而是簡單的用 “錢” 來施加影響力。
Unlike during the Cold War, the claims PRC leaders make on the existing world order are justified not by the offer of an alternative to capitalism or even an alternative ideology. What they have to offer by way of persuasion is simply—and quite openly—“money.
The alliance between economic and political power to the detriment of populations at large is not limited to the PRC, or self-professed antidemocratic authoritarian societies alone, India under Narendra Modi and Turkey under Recep Tayyip Erdo an being prime examples. Democracy is in peril in its original homelands in Europe and North America. We live in times when economic development trumps all other considerations, and the market paradigm rules social and political thinking, no matter what the cost in democracy, human rights, and social justice.
There seems to be a prevalent assumption among policymakers that the
problems of the PRC, and the world, will be resolved if the PRC is more thoroughly integrated into the capitalist world-system. It is a misleading as- sumption, as the fundamental problems of the world lie not with the PRC but the capitalist world-system itself. Inthe fundamental problems of the world lie not with the PRC but the capitalist world-system itself.
我們應該積極拋棄當前 GDP 導向的發展體系，以更偏重長期人類福祉的體系取而代之。如果人類現在傷害環境的發展速度持續下去，世界毀滅很可能就近在眼前了。
…the most urgent task is to reconsider the developmentalism that has become a “global faith” and explore alternative paths of development where progress is measured not by the GDP figures that drive states, or the profits that drive the corporate economy, but by achievements in long-term human welfare and security.