by George Soros @georgesoros.com
索羅斯 (George Soros) 首先重提了一年前他對 IT 壟斷企業對社會惡性影響的警告，不過這次他更加強調了近期以中國爲首的威權國家利用機器學習對其所提倡的 “開放社會” (open society) 的致命威脅。他也改變了直至去年對將中國納入全球治理體系的看法，認爲應該採取更強硬、對抗性的態度。
Last year I still believed that China ought to be more deeply embedded in the institutions of global governance, but since then Xi Jinping’s behavior has changed my opinion. My present view is that instead of waging a trade war with practically the whole world, the US should focus on China.
Open society 指的是保護人權、個人自由的法治社會 (相對於由少數人統治的人治社會)
I use “open society” as shorthand for a society in which the rule of law prevails as opposed to rule by a single individual and where the role of the state is to protect human rights and individual freedom. In my personal view, an open society should pay special attention to those who suffer from discrimination or social exclusion and those who can’t defend themselves.
Soros 認爲讓中興和華爲掌控全球 5G 市場會造成嚴重的安全隱患：
If these companies came to dominate the 5G market, they would present an unacceptable security risk for the rest of the world.
Open societies need to regulate companies that produce instruments of control, while authoritarian regimes can declare them “national champions.” That’s what has enabled some Chinese state-owned companies to catch up with and even surpass the multinational giants.
China isn’t the only authoritarian regime in the world, but it’s undoubtedly the wealthiest, strongest and most developed in machine learning and artificial intelligence. This makes Xi Jinping the most dangerous opponent of those who believe in the concept of open society.
Soros 贊許 Trump 政府對中國的政策沒有被 Trump 本人特有的不一致毛病影響，而是由 Matt Pottinger 主導。但是，這個政策還是缺乏長遠的規劃，而且有過度簡化事情的疑慮：
Even so, declaring China a strategic rival is too simplistic. China is an important global actor. An effective policy towards China can’t be reduced to a slogan.
The Pottinger plan doesn’t answer the question whether its ultimate goal is to level the playing field or to disengage from China altogether.
最後 Soros 重新強調了當前情勢的嚴峻：
This doesn’t mean that those of us who believe in the open society should remain passive. The reality is that we are in a Cold War that threatens to turn into a hot one.