[20180609] 美國保守派沒成功通過 NFL 自由言論的考驗

Conservatives Fail the N.F.L.’s Free Speech Test

by David [email protected]

(這是一個舊文,但我覺得寫的很好,所以翻出來介紹。David French 我們已經在 [20180601] 美國 “高教育精英” 令人難解的失敗 見過。)

美國保守派最近經常受到左派 “政治正確” 的攻擊,他們通常喜歡搬出言論自由主張他們不應該因為自己的言論受到懲罰,但碰到 NFL 球員在球賽開始前唱國歌時單膝跪地表示抗議的時候,他們卻又主張尊重國旗的義務大於這些球員的言論自由,最後 NFL 也屈服了,決定從現在開始禁止球員在唱國歌時抗議,否則所屬球隊會被 NFL 罰款。這完全屬於 David French 認為的萬惡之源:公司、社群、以及同儕之間的言論審查。

The cure for bad speech is better speech — not censorship.

NFL 的行為就是公司內部的言論審查:

It’s corporate censorship backed up with a promise of corporate punishment. It’s every bit as oppressive as the campus or corporate attacks on expression that conservatives rightly decry.

但 NFL 又說這件事非關政治,而是關乎國旗,兩者不一樣:

I agree. It is different. Because it’s about the flag, the censorship is even worse.

French 還引用了二戰時期一個關於國旗言論自由的著名訴訟

Writing in the Barnette decision, Justice Jackson wisely observed, “As governmental pressure toward unity becomes greater, so strife becomes more bitter as to whose unity it shall be.”

(大致意思:政府越強調統一性、對於誰統一誰的爭論也會越激烈)

他的結論:

The N.F.L. should let players kneel. If it lets them kneel, it increases immeasurably the chances that when they do rise, they will rise with respect and joy, not fear and resentment. That’s the “winning” America needs.

Photo Credit

發表迴響

你的電子郵件位址並不會被公開。 必要欄位標記為 *

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步瞭解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料