By Anemona Hartocollis @NYT
哈佛大學被指控利用性格評分打壓申請入學的亞裔學生，遭到代表亞裔學生的團體狀告聯邦法院。哈佛則反擊表示自己的專家並沒有發現歧視情形，並且強調追求多元是招生流程中的重要環節，稱該團體的只是想重演 2016 年挑戰平權行動 (affirmative action) 的另一個訴訟，該訴訟最後以最高法院判定種族可作爲招生考慮的條件之一。
1920 年代哈佛大學曾經爲了遏制不斷攀升的猶太裔學生比例，將原來完全只看學業成績的招生標準加入了一些較主觀的品格、個性、未來前景等條件。該團體指控哈佛大學現在也在利用同樣的方式歧視亞裔學生。亞裔學生在 “正向性格”、”受人喜愛”、”受人尊敬”、”勇氣”、”善良”等性格評分上都低於其他族裔：
Harvard consistently rated Asian-American applicants lower than others on traits like “positive personality,” likability, courage, kindness and being “widely respected,” according to an analysis of more than 160,000 student records filed Friday by a group representing Asian-American students in a lawsuit against the university.
哈佛 2013 年的一個內部調查顯示，如果之考慮學業成績，亞裔學生佔比會從 19% 上升到 43%。在考慮運動員和校友子女加分之後，會降到 31% (白人比例升高)。考慮課外活動和個性之後，再降到 26% (白人比例升高)。最後的 “人口組成” 因素讓比例降到 18% 左右，同時白人比例下降、非洲裔和拉丁裔比例上升：
University officials did concede that its 2013 internal review found that if Harvard considered only academic achievement, the Asian-American share of the class would rise to 43 percent from the actual 19 percent. After accounting for Harvard’s preference for recruited athletes and legacy applicants, the proportion of whites went up, while the share of Asian-Americans fell to 31 percent. Accounting for extracurricular and personal ratings, the share of whites rose again, and Asian-Americans fell to 26 percent.
What brought the Asian-American number down to roughly 18 percent, or about the actual share, was accounting for a category called “demographic,” the study found. This pushed up African-American and Hispanic numbers, while reducing whites and Asian-Americans. The plaintiffs said this meant there was a penalty for being Asian-American.
“Further details (especially around the personal rating) may provide further insight,” Harvard’s internal report said.
Harvard said that the review was discounted because it was preliminary and incomplete.