[20180621] 美利堅帝國的衰落

Fall of the American Empire

By Paul Krugman @NYT

諾貝爾經濟學獎得主 Paul Krugman 感慨由 Donald Trump 爲首的白宮官僚正在系統性的毀壞美國的核心價值觀,Trump 做的完全是和他所承諾的 “Make America Great Again” 相反的事情,因爲那些價值觀才是真正讓美國成爲新一代帝國的原因:

What we’re witnessing is a systematic rejection of longstanding American values — the values that actually made America great.

美國的核心價值 —— 自由、人權、法治:

 America stood for something larger than itself — for freedom, human rights and the rule of law as universal principles.

美國算是一種帝國,但是從歷史上來看算是一個非常善良的帝國,用軟實力和尊重換取支持,而不是使用武力:

The Pax Americana was a sort of empire; certainly America was for a long time very much first among equals. But it was by historical standards a remarkably benign empire, held together by soft power and respect rather than force. (There are actually some parallels with the ancient Pax Romana, but that’s another story.)

放棄那些理想並不會讓美國更強大,只會讓美國虛擲常年累積而來的道德、金融和軍事領先地位:

And rejecting our ideals won’t make us stronger; it will make us weaker. We were the leader of the free world, a moral as well as financial and military force. But we’re throwing all that away.

 

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