[20180630] 我們應該改變工作模式以適應現代的健康長壽社會

A Stanford researcher says we shouldn’t start working full time until age 40

By Corinne Purtill @Quartz

心理學家 Laura Carstensen 是 Stanford Center on Longevity 的首任總監,她認爲由於現代先進國家人類的預期壽命以及健康情況都大幅提升,過去那種 25 歲左右開始全職工作、直到 65 歲退休的 “衝刺” 式工作形態應該相應的調整,轉變爲馬拉松長跑般、一種較低工作量、但延展到幾乎全部人生的職業生涯,如此對個人的心理健康會有不少幫助、整體社會的生產力也應能提升。

Carstensen 認爲,理想上我們應該延長學習的時間,從 40 歲才正式開始全職工作,在人生晚期漸漸轉變成兼職工作,直到 80 歲完全退休。

Full-time ideally would begin around the age of 40, rather than in our early 20s. Careers would be longer, with a gradual transition to part-time work in the later years before full retirement around age 80.

在舊的工作模式下,我們必須要在工作、家庭、個人追求之間掙扎。老人想要兼職也幾乎沒有機會:

For many people, most of those years will be healthy enough to continue work that doesn’t involve intense physical labor. So why are we still packing all of our career and family obligations into a few frantic decades?

… But many of us already are making trade-offs under the old model, in industries that are not yet accustomed to accommodating parents or older workers who want to work part-time.

最困難的是如何改變現有社會的思維方式,但一旦轉變開始, Carstensen 樂觀地認爲,這個趨勢會成爲一股浪潮:

“There is no real reason why we need to work this way. The hardest thing is, how does [change] start?” Carstensen said. But “once it starts, there’s very little question that it’s going to roll on.”

Photo Credit

發表迴響

你的電子郵件位址並不會被公開。 必要欄位標記為 *

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步瞭解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料