[20180709] 亞馬遜向政府提供面部識別技術受到質疑

Thanks to Amazon, the government will soon be able to track your face

by Peter Asaro, Kelly Gates, Woodrow Hartzog, Lilly Irani, Evan Selinger and Lucy Suchman @Guardian Opinion

Amazon (亞馬遜) 正利用自己的 AWS 平臺提供政府和執法機關面部識別技術 (Amazon Rekognition),由於此產品在沒有任何公衆參與和法規審查的情況下,可能對個人隱私以及基本人權造成嚴重侵害,包含 Amazon 的股東、員工、人權組織等團體都表達了 Amazon 不該提供政府監控技術的訴求。

Amazon should not have free rein to develop and profit from new surveillance technologies without regard for their effects on civil liberties and human rights. Acquiescing to the technological and economic imperatives of these companies places our democracy on precarious footing.

Amazon 和其他公司都在努力遊說政府,試圖維持一個幾乎沒有監管的市場,其主張是公共法規永遠跟不上技術的進步。但如果真的是這樣,那這些公司就必須自行負擔起在 “一切符合法規” 這個標準之上更多的道德和公共責任:

Public policy, the claim goes, cannot keep pace with innovation. If they believe this assertion, then these companies cannot in good faith claim that their responsibilities are limited to securing the assurance that customers abide by established policies and laws.

本文的作者們認爲大規模自動監控系統對社會的影響弊大於利:

The threat that such a massive, automated surveillance apparatus poses to society far outweighs the security benefits it could provide. At the very least, it would require an equally vast system for oversight, transparency and public input, one that neither Amazon nor any government agency has even begun to develop.

政府和執法部門會濫用科技基本上是已存在的事實:

As workers at Amazon explained in a letter to Jeff Bezos, there is no need to wait and see if the police or government agencies will abuse the technology. It is already clear that ubiquitous, automated facial recognition is well suited for discriminating against people of color, targeting political activists, and otherwise supporting militaristic and authoritarian modes of government.

另外,Amazon 作爲一個巨型公司,所可能產生的破壞力更是難以想象,從你的購物習慣、到你的聲音、甚至你的面貌,都有可能存在他們的資料庫裡,後來被用來開發他們的監控產品:

Most people using home shopping devices would be surprised to discover that the technology could easily be archiving their faces for use in police databases.

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