[20181008] 英國政府自掘墳墓的移民政策

The self-defeating ignorance of May’s immigration plan

by Ian Dunt @politics.co.uk

(本文作者 Ian Dunt 是 politics.co.uk 的編輯、也是 <Brexit: What The Hell Happens Now?> 一書的作者。)

英國首相 Theresa May 剛宣布了在脫離歐盟之後,她計劃大幅收緊移民政策,限制 (歐盟公民的) 遷徙自由 (freedom of movement)、推出新的簽證系統,該系統將把歐盟公民與其他國家公民同等對待,並且將限制來自歐盟成員的低技術移民數量。

本文作者 Dunt 對這項政策、以及 May 政府把它當成政績得意洋洋的態度嗤之以鼻:

It’s the pride that gets you. The pride in the way Theresa May says she’s ending freedom of movement, like it’s some kind of accomplishment.

Dunt 列舉了各種收縮 (尤其是與歐盟互惠的) 移民政策所帶來的壞處,包含剝奪下一代年輕人到歐盟國家工作的權利:

No-one mentions the future we’re stealing from younger people, a future in which they had an entire continent to explore and who have now, against their will, been strapped down to just this little island because of the small-mindedness of their elders.

在英國生活工作的歐盟公民這兩年也面臨了非常大的不確定性:

And certainly no-one mentions the European citizens who live here already, who never asked for any of this, who never got a vote on it, who are told to be grateful because they are now offered the chance to keep what they had in the first place after two years of uncertainty,

Dunt 認爲,如世界上其他受到民粹荼毒的國家(美國、匈牙利、波蘭、意大利),英國也屈服於自身的不安全感,讓一些短視近利的無腦政客制定除了想關門蓋牆之外毫無想象力、毫無好奇心的鎖國政策:

Not a bat squeak of any of that. Just the damnable tedium of small minds producing short-sighted policies, with no imagination, no curiosity, nothing but the desire to close doors and raise borders, just like their populist allies in the White House, and Hungary, and Poland, and Italy. The ultimate victory of the perpetually insecure.

更糟糕的是,May 政府取消歐盟公民優惠的決定等於是自動放棄了和歐盟談判的籌碼,在後續的貿易談判中將自己置於劣勢,這種事情兩年前 May 政府已經做過,顯然他們沒有得到教訓:

Not only has she not learned any lessons, but she has done the exact same thing again today. Announcing tough new immigration policies wins her support in the Tory conference hall, but it will undermine her negotiating position in the months to come.

目前沒有人能夠拿出實際的數據證明移民、甚至是低技術移民對英國的經濟有害,但 May 政府卻還是想讓英國執行史上最爲嚴苛的移民政策。事實在這場爭辯中已經不再重要,重要的只是人們的不安全感 (即 “合理的疑慮”):

The list went on and on. And then at the end they suggested we adopt one of the most draconian immigration policies in this country’s history anyway, because they knew as well as anyone else that that is what politicians have already decided to do. Reality is not allowed to impinge on the immigration debate. Facts are as welcome as refugees. It’s people’s ‘legitimate concerns’ that matter.

最後,Dunt 悲觀地預測全英國人都會爲此愚蠢行爲付出高昂代價。

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