[20181116] 如何克服舞台恐懼症

Presentation Skills Considered Harmful

Kathy Sierra by @seriouspony.com

作者以一個軟體工程師的角度分享她如何克服公開演講前的怯場情緒。簡單來說就是要認清觀衆來聽你演講的目的,他們不是來爲了你而來,而是爲了他們自己而來。你不需要讓自己在臺上成爲巨星,你只需要讓觀衆覺得自己獲得了新知識、新體驗、新觀點等,後者的門檻比前者低多了。作者認爲,如有這種正確的認知,自然能不給自己太多的壓力,從而降低怯場情緒。

首先,想要用加強演講技巧來克服怯場只會適得其反:

If you have severe stage fright, the worst way to improve your presentation is to focus on your presentation skills.

關注觀衆的體驗,而不是自己的表現如何。由於作者是個工程師,她將觀衆視爲自己產品的用戶:

My path to coping with heart-stopping stage-fright is to focus NOT on what I do but on what they experience. And since I’m a software developer, I’ll think of the audience as my users.

再次強調,不重要,重要的是觀衆從你的演講中獲得了什麼:

And the moment I remember this is the moment I exhale and my pulse slows. Because I am not important. What is important is the experience they have. My job is to provide a context in which something happens for them.

作者將其稱爲 post-UX UX (用戶體驗後的體驗):

When they walk away from the user experience, then what? Are they different? Are they a little smarter? Are they a little more energized? Are they a little more capable? Are they a little more likely to talk to others about it?

This is no different from the goals we have for any other product/service/tool/book we create for others to use. It is always about the post-UX-UX.

當然,我們作爲產品和用戶之間的界面 (UI),還是必須要有一些基本的演講能力,但這一切都是要讓用戶滿意的手段。作者分享了幾個不尋常的小技巧:

  1. 在投影片之間切換風格。 可以是切換字形、切換背景顏色、切換文字位置等等。目的是讓觀衆的頭腦獲得刺激、不至於感到無聊,以此來維持觀衆的注意力。但要注意不能喧賓奪主。
  2. 演講以一個問題作爲開頭,這個問題必須是觀衆想要得到答案的問題。
  3. 不要浪費時間自我介紹。

最後,重申一次,重點不是演講人,而是觀衆:

Because every moment we spend obsessing over how this will make us look is a moment NOT devoted to how our presentation will make them look.

Photo Credit

發表迴響

你的電子郵件位址並不會被公開。 必要欄位標記為 *

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步瞭解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料